Along the River During the Qingming Festival (清明上河圖) (Part 3)

Along the River During the Qingming Festival (清明上河圖) (Part 3).

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Chunfen (春分) falls on 21 March 2015

Chunfen (春分) is the vernal equinox which is on March 20-21. In 2015, it falls on March 21.

An equinox occurs twice a year, around March 20-21 and September 22-23. It is the day when daytime and night are of approximately equal duration.

Positions of the Earth relative to the Sun at equinoxes and solstices
Positions of the Earth relative to the Sun at equinoxes and solstices (The diagram is not drawn to scale.)

 

The names vernal equinox and autumnal equinox are based on the seasons, and can be confusing since seasons of the northern hemisphere and southern hemisphere are opposites, and the vernal equinox of one hemisphere is the autumnal equinox of the other.

Another way to call them is March equinox and September equinox, referring to the times of the year when such equinoxes occur rather the seasons.

 

A few Chinese poems related to Chunfen (vernal equinox):

五代‧ 徐鉉《春分日》

仲春初四日,春色正中分。綠野徘徊月,晴天斷續雲。 燕飛猶個個,花落已紛紛。思婦高樓晚,歌聲不可聞。

 

五代‧ 徐鉉《七絕.甦醒》

春分雨腳落聲微,柳岸斜風帶客歸。 時令北方偏向晚,可知早有綠腰肥。

 

唐‧ 崔融《和宋之問寒食題黃梅臨江驛》

春分自淮北,寒食渡江南。忽見潯陽水,疑是宋家潭。 明主閽難叫,孤臣逐未堪。遙思故園陌,桃李正酣酣。

 

葛勝仲蝶戀花

已過春分春欲去。千炬花間,作意留春住。一曲清歌無誤顧。繞梁餘韻歸何處。盡日勸春春不語。紅氣蒸霞,且看桃千樹。才子霏談更五鼓。剩看走筆揮風雨。

 

Further readings :

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Equinox

http://big5.huaxia.com/zhwh/whrd/whrdwz/2010/03/1801815.html

http://zhongkao.xdf.cn/201203/1145796.html

Blue green landscape (青綠山水) painting by Zhang Daquian

Panorama of Mount Lu (1981), ink and colour on silk, 1.79 x 9.95 m, National Palace Museum, Taipei
Panorama of Mount Lu (1981), ink and colour on silk, 1.79 x 9.95 m, National Palace Museum, Taipei

I wish to further illustrate Chinese blue green landscape painting (青綠山水) with a masterpiece by Zhang Daquian (張大千) (1899 – 1983). His ‘splashed ink’ technique (pomo) (撥墨) is world famous. Panorama of Mount Lu (1981) is a powerful impressionistic work combining traditional brushstrokes (t’sun 皴 of the rocks and detailed drawing of the pine trees) with blue and green pomo. This masterpiece bestows the readers an imaginary and mysterious mood.

Shan shui painting in blue and green by Mr IP Chit Hoo 葉哲豪老師的青綠山水卷

Image 2
Image 2

 

Image 1
Image 1

 

Image 3
Image 3

 

Mr Ip Chit Hoo (葉哲豪老師) is my fine art teacher since 1960s .  Mr Ip generously and unreservedly passed on his vast knowledge of shan shui painting to me. He celebrated his 97th Birthday in Hong Kong three weeks ago.