Chunfen (春分) is the vernal equinox which is on March 20-21. In 2015, it falls on March 21.
An equinox occurs twice a year, around March 20-21 and September 22-23. It is the day when daytime and night are of approximately equal duration.
The names vernal equinox and autumnal equinox are based on the seasons, and can be confusing since seasons of the northern hemisphere and southern hemisphere are opposites, and the vernal equinox of one hemisphere is the autumnal equinox of the other.
Another way to call them is March equinox and September equinox, referring to the times of the year when such equinoxes occur rather the seasons.
A few Chinese poems related to Chunfen (vernal equinox):
Further readings :
I wish to further illustrate Chinese blue green landscape painting (青綠山水) with a masterpiece by Zhang Daquian (張大千) (1899 – 1983). His ‘splashed ink’ technique (pomo) (撥墨) is world famous. Panorama of Mount Lu (1981) is a powerful impressionistic work combining traditional brushstrokes (t’sun 皴 of the rocks and detailed drawing of the pine trees) with blue and green pomo. This masterpiece bestows the readers an imaginary and mysterious mood.
Mr Ip Chit Hoo (葉哲豪老師) is my fine art teacher since 1960s . Mr Ip generously and unreservedly passed on his vast knowledge of shan shui painting to me. He celebrated his 97th Birthday in Hong Kong three weeks ago.