Chinese Paintings (Drawings)

Chinese paintings are usually done with ink on rice paper. Zen Buddhism has great influence on Chinese painting. The nature’s colours are expressed through shades of black ink monochrome. In modern times, watercolours are widely used to make the paintings more attractive.

There are usually empty spaces or voids in the composition. Western paintings always have more complicated compositions. The background of paintings are always coloured.

In Chinese painting, not too much colours are used; the compositions are always simple. The quality of lines show how good the drawings or paintings are as people regard Chinese painting as an extension of Chinese Calligraphy.

A poem or a few words are commonly written on the paper to complement the paintings.

The following are examples of some very good Chinese paintings about fruits.

Yun Shouping 惲壽平 (Yun Nantian) (1633 – 1690), Grapes, ink and watercolour on paper
Yun Shouping 惲壽平 (Yun Nantian) (1633 – 1690), Grapes, ink and watercolour on paper

 

Xie Zhiliu 謝稚柳 (1910 – 1997) Grapes with leaves, , ink and watercolour on paper
Xie Zhiliu 謝稚柳 (1910 – 1997) Grapes with leaves, ink and watercolour on paper

 

Dīng Pù zhī 丁鋪之, Grapes, ink and watercolour on paper
Dīng Pù zhī 丁鋪之, Grapes, ink and watercolour on paper

 

Qi Baishi 齊白石 (1864 – 1957), Cherries, ink and watercolour on paper
Qi Baishi 齊白石 (1864 – 1957), Cherries, ink and watercolour on paper

 

Qi Baishi 齊白石 (1864 – 1957), Cherries on a Plate, ink and watercolour on paper
Qi Baishi 齊白石 (1864 – 1957), Cherries on a Plate, ink and watercolour on paper

 

Chen Chun 陳淳 (1483 – 1544) Lychee, ink and watercolour on paper
Chen Chun 陳淳 (1483 – 1544), Lychee, ink and watercolour on paper

 

Yun Shouping 惲壽平 (Yun Nantian) (1633 – 1690), Loquat fruits (琵琶果)
Yun Shouping 惲壽平 (Yun Nantian) (1633 – 1690), Loquat fruits (琵琶果)

 

Dīng Pù zhī 丁鋪之, Bananas, ink and watercolour on paper
Dīng Pù zhī 丁鋪之, Bananas, ink and watercolour on paper

 

Lù Yì fēi 陸抑非 (1908 – 1997), Rock melon, Lotus fruits and Water caltrop (菱角), ink and watercolour on paper
Lù Yì fēi 陸抑非 (1908 – 1997), Rock melon, Lotus fruits and Water caltrop (菱角), ink and watercolour on paper

 

 

Dīng Pù zhī 丁鋪之, Watermelon and Mango, ink and watercolour on paper
Dīng Pù zhī 丁鋪之, Watermelon and Mango, ink and watercolour on paper

 

Jin Nong 金農 (1687- 1687) , Two Slices of Watermelon, ink and watercolour on paper
Jin Nong 金農 (1687- 1687), Two Slices of Watermelon, ink and watercolour on paper

 

Lù Yì fēi 陸抑非 (1908 – 1997), Apples, ink and watercolour on paper
Lù Yì fēi 陸抑非 (1908 – 1997), Apples, ink and watercolour on paper

 

Xū Gǔ 虛谷 (1824 – 1896), Green Peaches, ink and watercolour on paper
Xū Gǔ 虛谷 (1824 – 1896), Green Peaches, ink and watercolour on paper

 

Qi Baishi 齊白石 (1864 – 1957), Peaches in Basket, ink and watercolour on paper
Qi Baishi 齊白石 (1864 – 1957), Peaches in Basket, ink and watercolour on paper

 

Qi Baishi 齊白石 (1864 – 1957), Peaches in Basket
Qi Baishi 齊白石 (1864 – 1957), Peaches in Basket, ink and watercolour on paper

 

 

Western Fruit Paintings

 

Juan de Espinosa, active in mid-17th Century, Still Life with Grapes, oil on canvas, 83 x 62 cm, the Louvre
Juan de Espinosa, active in mid-17th Century, Still Life with Grapes, oil on canvas, 83 x 62 cm, the Louvre

 

Henri Fantin-Latour, Flowers and Fruits, 1865, 64 x 57 cm, Musee D'Orsay
Henri Fantin-Latour, Flowers and Fruits, 1865, 64 x 57 cm, Musee D’Orsay

 

Jean-Baptiste-Siméon Chardin (1699 – 1779) The Silver Goblet, 1769? , oil on canvas, 33 x 41 cm, The Louvre
Jean-Baptiste-Siméon Chardin (1699 – 1779) The Silver Goblet, 1769? , oil on canvas, 33 x 41 cm, The Louvre

 

Jean-Baptiste-Siméon Chardin (1699 – 1779), 1869, Pears, Walnuts and a Glass of Wine, 1769 ?, oil on canvas, 33 x 41 cm, The Louvre
Jean-Baptiste-Siméon Chardin (1699 – 1779), 1869, Pears, Walnuts and a Glass of Wine, 1769 ?, oil on canvas, 33 x 41 cm, The Louvre

 

Melendz, Still life with Figs, oil on canvas, 37 x 49 cm, The Louvre
Melendz, Still life with Figs, oil on canvas, 37 x 49 cm, The Louvre

 

Paul Cézanne (1839 – 1906), Fruit, ca 1879-80, oil on canvas, 45 x 54 cm, The Hermitage
Paul Cézanne (1839 – 1906), Fruit, ca 1879-80, oil on canvas, 45 x 54 cm, The Hermitage

 

Paul Cézanne (1839 – 1906), Still life with Curtain, ca 1899, oil on canvas, 54.7 x 74 cm, The Hermitage
Paul Cézanne (1839 – 1906), Still life with Curtain, ca 1899, oil on canvas, 54.7 x 74 cm, The Hermitage

 

Édouard Manet (1832 -1883), Still Life: Fruit on Table, 1864, 45 x 73.5 cm, Musee D'Orsay
Édouard Manet (1832 -1883), Still Life: Fruit on Table, 1864, 45 x 73.5 cm, Musee D’Orsay

 

Édouard Manet (1832 -1883), A Bar at the Folies-Bergere (lower left portion), 1881- 82, oil on canvas, 96 x 130 cm, Courtauld Institute Galleries, London
Édouard Manet (1832 -1883), A Bar at the Folies-Bergere (lower left portion), 1881- 82, oil on canvas, 96 x 130 cm, Courtauld Institute Galleries, London
Eugène Henri Paul Gauguin (1848 – 1903), The Meal (The Bananas), 1891, 73 x 92 cm, Musee D'Orsay
Eugène Henri Paul Gauguin (1848 – 1903), The Meal (The Bananas), 1891, 73 x 92 cm, Musee D’Orsay
Édouard Manet (1832 -1883), Still Life: Fruit on Table, 1864, 45 x 73.5 cm, Musee D'Orsay
Édouard Manet (1832 -1883), Still Life: Fruit on Table, 1864, 45 x 73.5 cm, Musee D’Orsay

 

Henri-Émile-Benoît Matisse (1869 – 1954),  Dishes and fruit on a red and black carpet, 1906, oil on canvas, 61 x 74 cm, the Hermitage
Henri-Émile-Benoît Matisse (1869 – 1954), Dishes and fruit on a red and black carpet, 1906, oil on canvas, 61 x 74 cm, the Hermitage
Henri-Émile-Benoît Matisse (1869 – 1954), Fruit, flowers and panel 'the Dance', 1909, oil on canvas, 89 x 116 cm, the Hermitage
Henri-Émile-Benoît Matisse (1869 – 1954), Fruit, flowers and panel ‘the Dance’, 1909, oil on canvas, 89 x 116 cm, the Hermitage
Giovanni Boldini (1842 – 1931) , The Melon, ca 1905, 36.5 x 60 cm, Musee D'Orsay
Giovanni Boldini (1842 – 1931) , The Melon, ca 1905, 36.5 x 60 cm, Musee D’Orsay

 

Jean Joveneau (1888 - ?), Still life with a mirror, 1912, oil on canvas, 92 x 74 cm, The Hermitage
Jean Joveneau (1888 – ?), Still life with a mirror, 1912, oil on canvas, 92 x 74 cm, The Hermitage

Bibliography :

陳相鋒 陳姿娟 (2012) 画室必備 – 中國画技法圖典 蔬果篇 湖北美術出版社

Gowing, Lawrence (1987), Paintings in the Louvre, Stewart, Tabori & Chang ISBN 1-55670-007-5

Rosenblum, Robert (1989) Paintings in The Musee D’Orsay, Stewart, Tabori & Chang ISBN 1-55670-099-7

French Painting from the Hermitage, Leningrad, Mid-19th to early 20th Century (1987), Aurora Art Publishers.

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